5 causes of dark circles under your eyes

Dark circles, also known as periorbital circles, do not only make you feel a bit awkward at social gatherings but they also indicate that you have an underlying medical condition. We often fail to understand how these dark circles have formed under our eyes because knowing the cause can help us immensely in addressing the problem. Following are some of the common causes of dark circles:

Sleep deprivation: Irregular sleeping patterns are the most common causes of dark circles under the eyes. Blood vessels under the skin of our eyes dilate when we are deprived of sleep, which make it appear dark. The condition doesn’t resolve on its own and often you have to go for a dark eye circle treatment.

Hereditary: Many diseases have a hereditary component and they are difficult to diagnose unless you know the cause. In many cases, even dark circles appear to be inherited from parents and they appear under the eyes right from the childhood. Often the condition worsens as you grow older; however, with proper dark eye circle treatment, you can get rid of them.

Allergies: We usually associate dark circles with aging, lack of sleep, and stress but what many of us don’t know is that seasonal allergies play a significant role in triggering dark circles under the eyes. Allergens expand the blood vessels under the skin of our eyes, and when the blood vessels are swollen, they rub against the skin under the eyes, making it appear dark.

Stress: The skin under the eye is the thinnest area of skin and it’s the most sensitive part of our face as well. Too much stress can break the capillaries under the skin and form a dark mark under the eyes. Also more blood is directed towards the organ that needs it the most and when you are under stress, the blood flow is directed towards your eyes.

Iron deficiency: Iron is an essential element that forms hemoglobin in our blood and when iron level drops, the blood cells do not get the required oxygen because irons carry oxygen to the cells. Hence, lack of iron can make the skin under your eyes appear dark.

Irrespective of the cause of the dark circles, it’s absolutely necessary for you to address the problem and seek medical assistance. With proper treatment and care, you would not only get rid of the dark circles but would also address the problem that is causing it.

What is Cheek Augmentation?

One of the most popular cosmetic surgical treatments of recent times is cheek augmentation. This procedure aims at giving people the desired youthful look of sculpted, full and defined cheeks.

With age, the face gradually loses fat, resulting in saggy, sunken cheeks. Doctors are undertaking surgical and non-surgical techniques that focus on restoring the volume and youthful contours of the midface.

On a broader level, there are three major treatments available for cheek augmentation: Facial implants, cheek fillers and fat-grafting.

Facial implants have been a popular and permanent solution to flat or sagged cheeks. The implants can be made of a variety of materials such as silicones, high-density porous polyethylene (marketed as Medpor) and ePTFE (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene), most popular as Gore-Tex. Both Medpor and ePTFE are inert materials, which merge better with the underlying tissue and bone, than silicone. The implants are placed directly on the cheekbones, or to midface, or to both regions. The result is a well-defined contouring of the face, especially to the sides and the cheekbones.

Cheek fillers are less invasive than facial implants. They are available in the form of hyaluronic acid-based gels and collagen-stimulating fillers that are injected to parts of the cheeks where signs of ageing begin to appear. This treatment ensures the rejuvenation and hydration of the skin, also volumising the targeted part of the face. The commonly available hyaluronic gel products in the market are Restylane and Juvederm.

Fat grafting, also known as autologous fat transfer or micro fat-grafting, is a process involves the cultivation of fat taken from the lower body of the receiver. The fat is processed and injected into the targeted parts of the face. Since the fat is transferred within the same body, there is no risk of infection or adverse reaction. Specialists are of the opinion that fat grafting provides long-term results and in certain cases, encourages collagen growth within the tissues. Additionally, the process is minimally invasive and adverse reactions are unheard of.

Cheek augmentation is a procedure that has been gaining popularity among health- and image-conscious individuals over the decades. Lifting, toning, sculpting and restoring – these are some of the wonders that such a technique can provide, giving the face a better, more symmetrical and chiselled look. It has ensured better appearance and has restored confidence in its patrons without being heavy on the skin or pocket.

All You Need to Know About Laser Facials

A laser facial is basically a laser-based facial treatment, also known as laser skin treatment or facial laser skin resurfacing, that helps reduce wrinkles, blemishes, fine lines and pigmentation. As we age, our skin shows visible signs of loss in elasticity as well as damage from exposure to light, heat and pollutants in the atmosphere. To rejuvenate our skin and achieve a more youthful look, laser treatment is very effective in treating damaged and loose skin without much fuss.

How does it work?

Lasabrasion, laser vaporization or laser peel, as laser skin resurfacing is also known, uses concentrated pulses of laser light targeted at the treatment area to achieve controlled damage of skin tissue, thus triggering the production of new collagen. This new collagen is what will help the skin rejuvenate and look healthier. This laser technique can treat a wider range of cosmetic and skin issues compared to other techniques because of the greater control it gives over the damage induced to produce new collagen.

What is the procedure?

Before a treatment session, you should avoid anything that will make your skin sensitive – like sunbathing, collagen injections, chemical peels – for at least two weeks prior. If you have acne, the laser treatment should be deferred until after the acne has subsided. The treatment itself is quite simple and is performed as an outpatient procedure. There are two types of laser treatment – ablative and non-ablative. Ablative laser treatment requires general anesthesia and non-ablative does not because it is less invasive.

Recovery and results

Generally, non-ablative laser treatments don’t require any downtime since there is very little discomfort during and after the procedure. Regular activities can be resumed immediately after the procedure, but it is advisable to stay out of the sun and away from heat. There will be soreness and even some weeping of the skin, but that will subside in a few days. Redness will subside within 6 to 8 weeks. After the initial healing, results of the laser treatment will be visible, with a noticeable reduction in fine lines, wrinkles and pigmentation. Results will last for at least a year or more if you take care of your skin.

There are centres with good facial laser treatment in Singapore that provide treatments for a variety of skin issues using a range of techniques with the best in laser technology.